florapedia / flower-facts / types of orchids phalaenopsis and dendrobiums

August 22, 2012

Types of Orchids – Phalaenopsis and Dendrobiums

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Orchids are an elegant and particularly long-lasting type of flower. Known for their resilience, an orchid is both prized in the home and out in the garden. There are many different types of orchids – from Anota Violacea orchids to Canda orchids, which originated in India. However, the most common types of orchids for the home are the Phalaenopsis orchids and the Dendrobium orchids; both of which produce blooms of unmatched beauty and strength – with flowers that will remain in bloom for long periods of time.

phalaenopsis orchid

Phalaenopsis Orchids

Phalaenopsis orchids are known as the “moth” orchid because of the fluttering appearance of their flowers that resemble a moth’s wing movement in flight. These plants are ideal for growing indoors and can make a beautiful addition to any home decor, garden or patio. Phalaenopsis orchids bloom early summer though fall with flowers that can last for months in the right temperatures (warm with lower light). This type of orchid is one of the best for those that are beginners or new to having a green thumb due to their ease of care and variety of color – from basic white to pink, yellow red and green.

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Dendrobium Orchids

There are over 1600 species in the Dendrobium Orchid family, with flowers in every color combination that grow pendant like stems of fragrant flowers. These orchids grow quickly throughout summer, but take a long rest during the winter. However, with such a wide variety of species in the Dendrobium family – some may bloom at other times of the year as well. Regardless of type – all Dendrobium orchids require bright light, small pots, well-drained mixes and humidity between 50 and 70 percent. Sleeping buds erupt into shoots from the base mainly in spring, and a few variations bloom also bloom in autumn. Orchids turn light golden brown, about 2 or 3 minutes. Watch them carefully to avoid burning. As soon as they begin to turn brown remove from the heat.

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