Solidago

(Images provided by AFIF)

The official state flower of both Kentucky and Nebraska, the Solidago, or Goldenrod, is an easily recognized yellow flower that is grown all over North America, Europe and some parts of South America and Asia.

The goldenrod (solidago) genus has around 100 species and is part of the Asteraceae family, which also houses Liatris and Asters. Most of the goldenrod species are perennial flowers that grow in places like meadows, stream sides, and even along roads and in ditches. They are, however, a nice addition to a garden and can be grown there just as easily. When growing goldenrod, keep these things in mind:

  • Choose a sunny to partially sunny location.
  • Plant the flower in soil that is slightly acidic and drains well.
  • Don’t overwater the goldenrod, as it requires little. Just make sure the soil is moist.
  • Replant this flower every other year to keep it from taking over your garden.
  • Depending on when you plant them, they usually bloom in late summer, early fall.
  • Plan a large area for these flowers, as they can grow anywhere from 2-5 feet in height.

Florists generally don’t use this plant in bouquets, but they do like to dry it out for dried arrangements. They also encourage planting goldenrod in your garden because of how it attracts butterflies, as well as because of the honey produced by this flower and cultivated by bees.

Although goldenrod is considered a weed by most people in North America, this flower has quite a history and many associations. For example, goldenrod has a natural production of rubber. Thomas Edison used this flower in his experimentations with making rubber. These experimentations ended with his death, so rubber no longer has an association with goldenrod. This flower has also been used as an aid in issues with the kidneys and bladder, as well as sore throats and toothaches. Some people consider this plant a sign of good luck and fortune, while others use it for decoration, make it into a tea or cook it to eat.

Also visit our Solidago Life Cycle page.