(Images provided by AFIF)
Campanula, which is Latin for “bell”, is the formal name for the flower more commonly known as the bell flower. Categorized in the Campanulaceae family, campanula has over 500 brother and sister species and subspecies, including the American bell flower, swamp harebell and Canterbury bells. Like the Bells of Ireland, these bells also originate from the Mediterranean, having been concentrated in Turkey and Caucasus.
You would think that because this flower is originally from a hot climate it would always want to live in the sun. However, depending on what kind of climate you live in determines the amount of sun the flower desires. If you live in the north where the temperatures largely stay cool throughout summer months, give the flower plenty of sun. But if you live in the south where it is hot all summer, make sure you give the flower partial shade throughout the day. And as with most plants, ensure this flower gets plenty of water (irrigating weekly), while making sure the soil is well drained.
Blue and purple hues are the most popular description of this flowers color, but many campanulas are also found to be white or shades of pink. This flower generally blooms with 5 petals and can grow anywhere from a few inches to a few feet in height. Blooms can last for up to 6 weeks and show in the summer amid June through September. It’s also good to know that campanulas are perennial flowers, so remove dead flower heads to encourage regrowth the following year.
A noteworthy fact about the campanula is that the character Rapunzel from the Grimm’s Fairy Tale was named after this flower, specifically the species Campanula Rapunculus. This particular species also used to be grown in Europe for its edible leaves, used a bit like spinach. Its roots also resemble parsnip, which were used in food similarly to how radishes are.
Florists love the bell flower, not only because it looks fantastic in arrangements, but also because it is known to be a low maintenance plant. So if you’re new to gardening or just don’t have a lot of time to commit to your plants, this is the perfect addition to your plot.
Also visit our Campanula Life Cycle page.